Feed and Fines: Maximizing Value with Fermented Feed

We’re reprinting this great post from Scratch and Peck Feeds about getting the most out of your feed.

Boost Your Feed Benefits with Fermentation!

Ferment toolsOne of the most frequently asked questions we hear is, “Why are there all these fines in your feed and how do I get my chickens to eat it?”

This question is important as it identifies one of our core philosophies as a company; we believe that a raw, whole grain feed is nutritionally superior to highly processed products. Most mills producing poultry feed use a combination of heat and water to process their products into pellets and further into pellet crumbles, reducing the shelf life and nutrient content of the grains. At Scratch and Peck Feeds, we focus on providing a product that is as raw and natural as possible; something we would want to feed our own animals.

The ‘fines’ in Scratch and Peck’s balanced feeds consist of the added protein, probiotics, vitamins and minerals that support an animal’s health and development. Although fines can sometimes accumulate, many of our customers feed our products dry, as is, without issue. Recommendations for helping the flock to eat all the fines include: Adding the accumulated fines to the top of the newly added feed, using a trough style feeder rather than a gravity feeder, raising the feeder to the height of the bird’s back, collecting fines to include in yogurt or an oatmeal treat, or simply adding moisture to the mix prior to feeding to help the fines bind to the whole grains. For even better results, we recommend taking these recommendations just a bit further and fermenting the feed!

Lacto-fermentation has been used for thousands of years for human and animal nutrition. Lactic acid bacteria, like the probiotics you find in Greek yogurt, is beneficial in making the feed easier for the chickens to digest and it improves the overall bioavailable nutrients. Studies show fermented feed has been found to have increased levels of Vitamins B, C and K, along with increased protein as well! The simple process of soaking the whole grains before feeding helps to release the stored nutrients by breaking the dormancy in the now softened, potentially sproutable whole grains. Because digestion becomes more efficient, fermenting the feed stretches your feed dollar further as the birds are able to get more from the same amount of feed, reducing the volume of feed required to satisfy their caloric needs. Whether fed daily or used as a treat, the fermenting process for Scratch and Peck poultry feeds is as easy as adding water and letting the feed soak for about 3 days. Really – it’s just that simple! Nature has the amazing ability to create complex nutrients from very simple ingredient combinations. As an added bonus, providing wet, fermented feed instead of dry feed helps your flock with better water management as less additional water will be needed for the digestion process!

Getting Started: Container Selection –

To get started with fermenting feed, you will need to choose containers based on the number of birds you are feeding. If you have a smaller flock, you will likely do just fine long term using quart or half-gallon sized Mason jars, or even a repurposed water pitcher. If you have a larger flock, food grade buckets or bins will be a better choice once you get the hang of the fermenting process. We even hear some larger farms simply use clean 55 gallon bins or barrels! As CO₂ gasses are a natural by-product of the fermentation process, the fermenting feed should never be tightly sealed or pressure will build up, damaging the container and creating a potentially explosive mess. Whatever type of container is chosen, some experimenting will be necessary to get the best results as the fermentation process will be faster in warmer environments and much slower if it is cold.

 

Mad Scientist: Chicken Feed Mixology –

Once a container has been selected, simply measure out the estimated amount your flock will consume in one day and place it into the container. (We estimate an adult chicken will consume approximately ¼ – ⅓ lb of dry feed per day.) Add unchlorinated water at about 2-3 parts per one part feed. Especially for the first few batches, it is important to check the mixture after 30 minutes to make sure enough water is being provided to cover the feed after initial absorption. Once the ferment batch has been prepared, move the container to an area with a consistent, moderate temperature away from sun exposure. For the next 3 days, let the mixture sit with a loose fitting cover, stirring the mix 1-2 times each day. You will know the fermenting process is working when little bubbles start appearing on the surface!

 

 

 

Picky Chicky: Feeding Consistency and Feeder Type

After a few days, the fermented feed should smell slightly sour which is a good indication that the process has been effective and is ready to serve to your flock. Before feeding, drain off any excess water before stirring to reduce the soupiness of the ferment – the extra liquid can then be used to jump start the next fermentation batch! If the mix is still too runny, try adding a little dry feed or even a small scoop of Food Grade Diatomaceous Earth to absorb the excess moisture. Keep in mind, if the fermented feed is too soupy, the chickens will not want to eat it. Ideally, the texture will be closer to clumping than runny. In our experience, a trough or open bowl will be easier to use for feeding a fermented mash rather than a gravity style feeder.

 


 

While many birds will have no problem transitioning to fermented feed, we do hear from time to time that some owners may have a difficult time convincing their flock to eat wet feed and may choose to stay with a dry feed. Even chickens have opinions and can get set in their ways! Fermenting feed may not work for every flock or situation but it can be a great way to add additional nutritional benefits to your flock and help to save on your feed bill over time. Give it a try!

Fermenting Feed Tips:

• Start small! Even if you have a large flock, practice with a small batch or two to get a feel for the ferment process and feeding texture before moving on to using larger containers.
• Do not use chlorinated water! If you only have access to chlorinated water, fill a container with just the water and leave it sitting on a counter for 24 hours to allow the chlorine to dissipate.
• Always use clean containers and stirring implements to prevent mold and contamination.
• Do not put fermenting feed in a sealed container.
• For best results and to prevent mold, make sure there is enough water to cover feed during fermentation process.
• Stir or shake the fermenting feed mixture 1-2 times per day.
• Can’t tell if it’s fermenting? During the fermenting process, small bubbles will move up through the mix! If there are no bubbles occurring, try adding more water as the consistency may be too thick.
• Too runny at feeding? Drain off the extra moisture before stirring the batch for final feeding; add a little dry feed or Food Grade Diatomaceous Earth to absorb access liquid.
• Mixing prior to feeding is important as fermented feed will naturally settle with fines at the top and heavier ingredients, like Oyster Shell, at the bottom.
• Ground mash feed, like Naturally Free Starter, will absorb more water than a whole grain mash product and may involve more trial and error to get the best results.
• Don’t worry – the 3 days it takes to lacto-ferment the feed will not lead to intoxicated chickens! Lactic acid fermentation is not the same as alcoholic fermentation.

 

To download our Fermenting Feed Guide or Fermenting Feed Slideshow, select ‘Helpful Guides’ at:  www.scratchandpeck.com/learning-center/

Fermenting - Dry FeedFermenting - Feed soaked 3 hoursFermenting - Feed soaked 3 days

Photos:

  1. Dry Feed
  2. Feed Soaked for 3 Hours
  3. Feed Fermented for 3 Days